During Cold War, U.S. troops had 2 types of camo: woodland and desert.
WASHINGTON — Congress is trying one more time to get the Pentagon to adopt a common camouflage pattern for all four services.
The compromise defense authorization bill for 2014 includes a provision that directs the Defense Department to "to adopt and field a common combat and camouflage utility uniform, or family of uniforms, for specific combat environments, to be used by all members of the armed forces."
If that becomes law, as appears likely, it would change the future image of the joint force.
For years, lawmakers have been annoyed with the military services' increasingly elaborate wardrobe of camouflage variants designed for the same environments. In the past decade, the four services have developed at least seven new, unique combat utility uniforms.
In 2009, Congress began to question the military's growing array of ground combat uniforms and ordered the Pentagon to develop joint criteria for camouflage uniforms. But the Pentagon was slow to respond and ultimately opted to address textile quality rather than pattern and clothing design, which many experts said was the lawmakers' intent.
The new law would mark a return to Cold War-era fashion, when all troops wore the same uniform when deployed to the same place. The so-called Battle Dress Uniform had only "woodland" and "desert" variants.
That began to change when the Marine Corps fielded its digital-style MARPAT camouflage pattern in 2002, in turn prompting each service to develop its own pattern. Some have come in for criticism in the ranks, such as the Air Force's "tiger stripes" and the Navy's "aquaflage."
In several instances, design efforts were botched, scrapped and replaced with additional designs, costing millions of dollars in fees and replacement costs, according to the Government Accountability Office. The goal in adopting one style or a common set of styles is to save money.
Inside the ranks, the issue is controversial. While distinct uniforms may be good for morale and cultivate a sense of pride among the individual services, others say the array of stripes and pixelated patterns is an unnecessary expense and makes no sense since the underlying goal is to make troops less visible in the field, regardless of their service branch.
This year, the Joint Staff's top enlisted adviser, Marine Sgt. Maj. Bryan Battaglia, said the mix of uniforms makes the U.S. military look like a Baskin-Robbins and signaled his support for a common uniform.
But Marine Corps Commandant Gen. James Amos recently said preserving the Corps' MARPAT pattern is a top priority and declared that his service will stick to it "like a hobo to a ham sandwich."
While the law suggests the era of service-specific distinction may come to an end, it likely will be years before any final decisions are made and common uniforms are deployed.