Washington D.C. - With nearly 800,000 federal employees off the clock for a second day, the big question is, how long will this shutdown last? Back in 1995 and 1996, the nation saw a shutdown last 21 days, the longest to date. But things were different then.
For example, President Bill Clinton and House Speaker Newt Gingrich had notable political differences, but they were more willing to negotiate on policy issues. Gingrich told CNN that he met with Clinton face to face for 35 days in the White House to hammer things out during those shutdowns.
President Obama and Speaker John Boehner only had a 10-minute conversation over the phone earlier this week.
The economy is also much different nowadays. During the 1995-1996 shutdown, the economy was booming because of the tech sector and internet startups. Unemployment was at 5.6%.
Also, the partisanship is deeper in 2013. There are more congressional districts that are Republican or Democratic than ever, and fewer moderates left on Capitol Hill. The parties appear to be farther apart than ever. On top of that, a recent CNN poll shows a 10-percent approval rate of Congress. That's an all-time low.
There could also be a much larger economic impact with the present shutdown. The U.S. is approaching an October 17 deadline when the country will run out of money to pay its bills. If the debt ceiling is not raised again, the U.S. will default on its obligations.