SACRAMENTO, CA - Blame it on the European debt crisis and the slowing of global economic growth.
The nation's largest public pension fund, CalPERS, had a measly 1 percent rate of return this past year.
"One percent is positive but it's far below our target return of 7.5 percent," CalPers Chief Investment Officer Joe Dear said.
The rate is critical because taxpayers make up any shortfall whenever pension funds miss their mark.
Despite a 7.7 percent return over 20 years, CalPERS acknowledges it'll be asking for more money from future budgets.
"In a year, the state contribution rates will be adjusted upward, and in two years local government rates will be adjusted somewhat upward," Dear said.
The state budget has been increasingly forced to give bigger contributions to meet retirement obligations.
The local bankruptcies of Stockton and San Bernardino were due in part to crushing pension debt.
Just six years ago, $1.5 billion, or 1.5 percent of California's general fund, went to CalPERS. This year, the share jumped to more than $2 billion, or about 2.5 percent of the general fund.
It's actually closer to 4 percent when you add in teachers' pensions.
Critics said when pension obligations increase, that means less money for other things. They point out state pension spending is up 400 percent in the last decade while spending for UC and CSU is down 30 percent.
It's actually in the Constitution that pension obligations, like bond debt, are one of the line items paid.
"These benefits are very, very risky," California Foundation for Fiscal Responsibility spokesperson Marcia Fritz said. "And this type of return isn't helping at all."
Pension reform is supposed to be at the top of the agenda when lawmakers return from summer break next month. But Gov. Jerry Brown and Democratic leaders are still at odds over what changes to make; Brown's plan is much tougher.
There's nothing really taxpayers can do at this point to lessen their burden unless lawmakers enact changes, something public employee unions have fought.
During good times, though, Californians pay little or nothing toward pensions. But during tough economic times, they have to step up.
"If I work for you and we have a collective bargaining agreement that I put a certain amount, and you put in a certain amount, you're still obligated to do that regardless of what's happening in the economy," AFSMCE member Willie Pelote said.
By Nannette Miranda