Proposition 29 failed 51 percent to 49 percent as the final results were counted Wednesday morning. Prop. 29 would have added a $1 tax on a pack of cigarettes and a corresponding tax on other tobacco products to go towards cancer research. The measure lost by approximately 63,000 votes.
RELATED STORY: California Proposition 29: Tobacco Tax for Cancer Research Act
SOCIAL MEDIA: Prop 29 - Tobacco Tax
Earlier, California voters approved a tweak to term limits that supporters say will promote consistency and reduce the influence of lobbyists.
Proposition 28 will limit lawmakers to 12 years, but allow them to spend that time in one house or a combination in both houses of the state Legislature.
RELATED STORY: California Proposition 28: Limits on Legislators' Terms in Office
The measure had about two-thirds support with more than 2 million votes cast Tuesday night.
Currently, lawmakers can serve up to three two-year terms in the Assembly and two four-year terms in the Senate, for a total of 14 years.
SOCIAL MEDIA: Prop 28 - Limits on Legislators' Terms in Office
Good government organizations argued that California's strict term limits assure that the statehouse is filled with inexperienced politicians who are overly reliant on lobbyists and bureaucrats to help them write legislation.
Critics warned the change would lead to entrenchment in the state Capitol.
Full Primary results
The Associated Press and News10/KXTV